Friedrich Nietzsche, The Wanderer and His Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten).

The Wanderer and his Shadow, the second supplement to Human, All Too Human, first published in 1880.

  

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Previous Section   292. THE VICTORY OF DEMOCRACY   Next Section

The Victory of Democracy.  All political powers nowadays attempt to exploit the fear of Socialism for their own strengthening.  Yet in the long run democracy alone gains the advantage, for « parties are now compelled to flatter "the masses" and grant them facilities and liberties of all kinds, with the result that the masses finally become omnipotent.  The masses are as far as possible removed from Socialism as a doctrine of altering the acquisition of property.  I f once they get the steering wheel into their hands, through great majorities in their Parliaments, they will attack with progressive taxation the whole dominant system of capitalists, merchants, and financiers, and will in fact slowly create a middle class which may forget Socialism like a disease that has been overcome.  The practical result of this increasing democratisation will next be a European league of nations, in which each individual nation, delimited by the proper geographical frontiers, has the position of a canton with its separate rights.  Small account will be taken of the historic memories of previously existing nations, because the pious affection for these memories will be gradually uprooted under the democratic regime, with all its craze for novelty and experiment.  The corrections of frontiers that will prove necessary will be so carried out as to serve the interests of the great cantons and at the same time that of the whole federation, but not that of any venerable memories.  To find the standpoints for these corrections will be the task of future diplomats, who will have to be at the same time students of civilisation, agriculturists, and commercial experts, with no armies but motives and utilities at their back.  Then only will foreign and home politics be inseparably connected, whereas today the latter follows its haughty dictator, and gleans in sorry baskets the stubble that is left over from the harvest of the former.  
 

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