Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science.  Die fröhliche Wissenschaft.

First published in 1882.

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"The Wanderer" Speaks.

In order for once to get a glimpse of our European morality from a distance, in order to compare it with other earlier or future moralities, one must do as the traveller who wants to know the height of the towers of a city: he leaves the city.  "Thoughts concerning moral prejudices” if they are not to be prejudices concerning prejudices, presuppose a position outside of morality, some sort of world beyond good and evil, to which one must ascend, climb, or fly and in the given case at any rate, a position beyond our good and evil, an emancipation from all " Europe” under stood as a sum of inviolable valuations which have become part and parcel of our flesh and blood.  That one does want to get outside, or aloft, is perhaps a sort of madness, a peculiar, unreasonable "thou must" for even we thinkers have our idiosyncrasies of "unfree will": the question is whether one can really get there.  That may depend on manifold conditions: in the main it is a question of how light or how heavy we are, the problem of our "specific gravity”.  One must be very light in order to impel one s will to knowledge to such a distance, and as it were beyond one s age, in order to create eyes for oneself for the survey of millenniums, and a pure heaven in these eyes besides!  One must have freed oneself from many things by which we Europeans of today are oppressed, hindered, held down, and made heavy.  The man of such a " Beyond” who wants to get even in sight of the highest standards of worth of his age, must first of all "surmount" this age in himself it is the test of his power and consequently not only his age, but also his past aversion and opposition to his age, his suffering caused by his age, his unseasonableness, his Romanticism.  
 

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