Friedrich Nietzsche, The AntiChrist

Der Antichrist (also could be translated as The Anti-Christian).  Written in 1888 and first published in 1895.

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Has any one ever clearly understood the celebrated story at the beginning of the Bible of God's mortal terror of science ?  No one, in fact, has understood it.  This priest book par excellence opens, as is fitting, with the great inner difficulty of the priest: he faces only one great danger; ergo , "God" faces only one great danger.  The old God, wholly "spirit," wholly the high priest, wholly perfect, is promenading his garden: he is bored and trying to kill time.  Against boredom even gods struggle in vain.  What does he do?  He creates man man is entertaining.  But then he notices that man is also bored.  God's pity for the only form of distress that invades all paradises knows no bounds: so he forthwith creates other animals.  God's first mistake: to man these other animals were not entertaining he sought dominion over them; he did not want to be an "animal" himself.  So God created woman.  In the act he brought boredom to an end and also many other things!  Woman was the second mistake of God.  "Woman, at bottom, is a serpent, Heva" every priest knows that; "from woman comes every evil in the world" every priest knows that, too.  Ergo , she is also to blame for science .  It was through woman that man learned to taste of the tree of knowledge.  What happened?  The old God was seized by mortal terror.  Man himself had been his greatest blunder; he had created a rival to himself; science makes men godlike it is all up with priests and gods when man becomes scientific!  Moral : science is the forbidden per se ; it alone is forbidden.  Science is the first of sins, the germ of all sins, the original sin.  This is all there is of morality.  "Thou shall not know": the rest follows from that.  God's mortal terror, however, did not hinder him from being shrewd.  How is one to protect one's self against science?  For a long while this was the capital problem.  Answer: Out of paradise with man!  Happiness, leisure, foster thought and all thoughts are bad thoughts!  Man must not think.  And so the priest invents distress, death, the mortal dangers of childbirth, all sorts of misery, old age, decrepitude, above all, sickness nothing but devices for making war on science!  The troubles of man don't allow him to think.  Nevertheless how terrible!  , the edifice of knowledge begins to tower aloft, invading heaven, shadowing the gods what is to be done?  The old God invents war ; he separates the peoples; he makes men destroy one another ( the priests have always had need of war.  .)  War among other things, a great disturber of science!  Incredible!  Knowledge, deliverance from the priests , prospers in spite of war.  So the old God comes to his final resolution: "Man has become scientific there is no help for it: he must be drowned!  ".  
 

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