Friedrich Nietzsche, Human All Too Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches), subtitled A Book for Free Spirits (Ein Buch für freie Geister).

First published in 1878.   A second part, Assorted Opinions and Maxims (Vermischte Meinungen und Sprüche), was published in 1879, and a third part, The Wanderer and his Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten), followed in 1880.

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THE SCIENTIFIC SPIRIT PARTIALLY BUT NOT WHOLLY POWERFUL.  The smallest subdivisions of science taken separately are dealt with purely in relation to themselves, the general, great sciences, on the contrary, regarded as a whole, call up the question certainly a very non objective one "Wherefore?  To what end?  "It is this utilitarian consideration which causes them to be dealt with less impersonally when taken as a whole than when considered in their various parts.  In philosophy, above all, as the apex of the entire pyramid of science, the question as to the utility of knowledge is involuntarily brought forward, and every philosophy has the unconscious intention of ascribing to it the greatest usefulness.  For this reason there is so much high flying metaphysics in all philosophies and such a shyness of the apparently unimportant solutions of physics; for the importance of knowledge for life must appear as great as possible.  Here is the antagonism between the separate provinces of science and philosophy.  The latter desires, what art does, to give the greatest possible depth and meaning to life and actions; in the former one seeks knowledge and nothing further, whatever may emerge thereby.  So far there has been no philosopher in whose hands philosophy has not grown into an apology for knowledge; on this point, at least, everyone is an optimist, that the greatest usefulness must be ascribed to knowledge.  They are all tyrannised over by logic, and this is optimism in its essence.  

Friedrich Nietzsche, "Ecce Homo" Ebook

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