Friedrich Nietzsche, Human All Too Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches), subtitled A Book for Free Spirits (Ein Buch für freie Geister).

First published in 1878.   A second part, Assorted Opinions and Maxims (Vermischte Meinungen und Sprüche), was published in 1879, and a third part, The Wanderer and his Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten), followed in 1880.

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Previous Section   453. THE HELMSMAN OF THE PASSIONS   Next Section

THE HELMSMAN OF THE PASSIONS.  The statesman excites public passions in order to have the advantage of the counter passions thereby aroused.  To give an example: a German statesman knows quite well that the Catholic Church will never have the same plans as Russia; indeed, that it would far rather be allied with the Turks than with the former country; he likewise knows that Germany is threatened with great danger from an alliance between France and Russia.  If he can succeed, therefore, in making France the focus and fortress of the Catholic Church, he has averted this danger for a lengthy period.  He has, accordingly, an interest in showing hatred against the Catholics in transforming, by all kinds of hostility, the supporters of the Pope's authority into an impassioned political power which is opposed to German politics, and must, as a matter of course, coalesce with France as the adversary of Germany; his aim is the catholicising of France, just as necessarily as Mirabeau saw the salvation of his native land in de catholicising it.  The one State, therefore, desires to muddle millions of minds of another State in order to gain advantage thereby.  It is the same disposition which supports the republican form of government of a neighbouring State- le desordre organise, as Merimee says- for the sole reason that it assumes that this form of government makes the nation weaker, more distracted, less fit for war.  
 

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