Friedrich Nietzsche, Human All Too Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches), subtitled A Book for Free Spirits (Ein Buch für freie Geister).

First published in 1878.   A second part, Assorted Opinions and Maxims (Vermischte Meinungen und Sprüche), was published in 1879, and a third part, The Wanderer and his Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten), followed in 1880.

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A QUESTION OF POWER, NOT OF RIGHT.  As regards Socialism, in the eyes of those who always consider higher utility, if it is really a rising against their oppressors of those who for centuries have been oppressed and downtrodden, there is no problem of right involved (notwithstanding the ridiculous, effeminate question ”How far ought we to grant its demands"?)  but only a problem of power ("How far can we make use of its demands"?)  ; the same, therefore, as in the case of a natural force, steam, for instance, which is either forced by man into his service, as a machine god, or which, in case of defects of the machine, that is to say, defects of human calculation in its construction, destroys it and man together.  In order to solve this question of power we must know how strong Socialism is, in what modification it may yet be employed as a powerful lever in the present mechanism of political forces; under certain circumstances we should do all we can to strengthen it.  With every great force be it the most dangerous men have to think how they can make of it an instrument for their purposes.  Socialism acquires a right only if war seems to have taken place between the two powers, the representatives of the old and the new, when, however, a wise calculation of the greatest possible preservation and advantageousness to both sides gives rise to a desire for a treaty.  Without treaty no right.  So far, however, there is neither war nor treaty on the ground in question, therefore no rights, no "ought”.  
 

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