Friedrich Nietzsche, Human All Too Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches), subtitled A Book for Free Spirits (Ein Buch für freie Geister).

First published in 1878.   A second part, Assorted Opinions and Maxims (Vermischte Meinungen und Sprüche), was published in 1879, and a third part, The Wanderer and his Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten), followed in 1880.

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INJUSTICE NECESSARY.  All judgments on the value of life are illogically developed, and therefore unjust.  The inexactitude of the judgment lies, firstly, in the manner in which the material is presented, namely very imperfectly; secondly, in the manner in which the conclusion is formed out of it; and thirdly, in the fact that every separate element of the material is again the result of vitiated recognition, and this, too, of necessity.  For instance, no experience of an individual, however near he may stand to us, can be perfect, so that we could have a logical right to make a complete estimate of him; all estimates are rash, and must be so.  Finally, the standard by which we measure, our nature, is not of unalterable dimensions, we have moods and vacillations, and yet we should have to recognise ourselves as a fixed standard in order to estimate correctly the relation of anything whatever to ourselves.  From this it will, perhaps, follow that we should make no judgments at all; if one could only live without making estimations, without having likes and dislikes!  For all dislike is connected with an estimation as well as all inclination.  An impulse towards or away from anything without a feeling that something advantageous is desired, something injurious avoided, an impulse without any kind of conscious valuation of the worth of the aim does not exist in man.  We are from the beginning illogical, and therefore unjust beings, and can recognise this; it is one of the greatest and most inexplicable discords of existence.  

Friedrich Nietzsche, "Ecce Homo" Ebook

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