Friedrich Nietzsche, Human All Too Human (Menschliches, Allzumenschliches), subtitled A Book for Free Spirits (Ein Buch für freie Geister).

First published in 1878.   A second part, Assorted Opinions and Maxims (Vermischte Meinungen und Sprüche), was published in 1879, and a third part, The Wanderer and his Shadow (Der Wanderer und sein Schatten), followed in 1880.

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A MALE CULTURE.  The Greek culture of the classic age is a male culture.  As far as women are concerned, Pericles expresses everything in the funeral speech: "They are best when they are as little spoken of as possible amongst men".  The erotic relation of men to youths was the necessary and sole preparation, to a degree unattainable to our comprehension, of all manly education (pretty much as for a long time all higher education of women was only attainable through love and marriage).  All idealism of the strength of the Greek nature threw itself into that relation, and it is probable that never since have young men been treated so attentively, so lovingly, so entirely with a view to their welfare (virtus) as in the fifth and sixth centuries B.  C.  according to the beautiful saying of Holderlin: "denn liebend giebt der Sterbliche vom Besten”.  The higher the light in which this relation was regarded, the lower sank intercourse with woman; nothing else was taken into consideration than the production of children and lust; there was no intellectual intercourse, not even real love making.  If it be further remembered that women were even excluded from contests and spectacles of every description, there only remain the religious cults as their sole higher occupation.  For although in the tragedies Electra and Antigone were represented, this was only tolerated in art, but not liked in real life, just as now we cannot endure anything pathetic in life but like it in art.  The women had no other mission than to produce beautiful, strong bodies, in which the father's character lived on as unbrokenly as possible, and therewith to counteract the increasing nerve tension of such a highly developed culture.  This kept the Greek culture young for a relatively long time; for in the Greek mothers the Greek genius always returned to nature.  
 

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