Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak:  Reflections on Moral Prejudice. Morgenröte: Gedanken über die moralischen Vorurteile (also could be translated as The Dawn).

Written and published in 1881.

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During barbarous ages when pessimistic judgments concerning men and the world held sway the individual in the consciousness of his full power always endeavoured to act in conformity with such judgments that is to say by putting idea into action by hunting robbery surprise attacks brutality and murder: including the weaker forms of such acts as would be tolerated within the community.  When his strength declines however and he feels tired ill melancholy or satiated—consequently becoming temporarily void of wishes or desires—he is a relatively better man that is to say less dangerous; and his pessimistic ideas will now discharge themselves only in words and thoughts—upon his companions for example or his wife his life his gods—his judgments will be unfavourable ones.  In this frame of mind he develops into a thinker and prophet or he adds to his superstitions and invents new observances or mocks his enemies.  Whatever he may devise however all the productions of his brain will necessarily reflect his frame of mind such as the increase of fear and weariness and the lower value he attributes to action and enjoyment.  The substance of these productions must correspond to the substance of these poetic thoughtful and priestly moods; unfavourable judgments must predominate.  In later years all those who behaved all the time as these men did only in those particular circumstances—i.  e.  those who gave out pessimistic judgments and lived a melancholy life poor in action—were called poets thinkers priests or "medicine—men.  '' The general body of men would have liked to disregard such people because they were not active enough and to turn them out of the community; but there was a certain risk in doing so: these inactive men had discovered and were following the tracks of superstition and divine power and no one doubted that they had unknown means of power at their disposal.  This was the value which was set upon the ancient race of contemplative natures—despised as they were in just the same degree as they were not dreaded!  In such a masked form in such an ambiguous aspect with an evil heart and often with a troubled head did Contemplation make its first appearance on earth: both weak and terrible at the same time despised in secret and covered in public with every mark of superstitious veneration.  Here as always we must say: pudenda origo!  
 

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