Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak:  Reflections on Moral Prejudice. Morgenröte: Gedanken über die moralischen Vorurteile (also could be translated as The Dawn).

Written and published in 1881.

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Let us not forget as men leading a contemplative life what kind of evil and misfortunes have overtaken the men of the vita activa as the result of such contemplation—in short what sort of counter reckoning the vita activa has to offer us if we exhibit too much boastfulness before it with respect to our good deeds.  It would show us in the first place those so-called religious natures who predominate among the lovers of contemplation and consequently represent their commonest type.  They have at all times acted in such a manner as to render life difficult to practical men and tried to make them disgusted with it if possible: to darken the sky to obliterate the sun to cast suspicion upon joy to depreciate hope to paralyse the active hand—all this they knew how to do just as for miserable times and feelings they had their consolations alms blessings and benedictions.  In the second place it can show us the artists a species of men leading the vita contemplativa rarer than the religious element but still often to be met with.  As beings these people are usually intolerable capricious jealous violent quarrelsome: this however must be offset by the joyous and exalting effects of their works.  Thirdly we have the philosophers men who unite religious and artistic qualities combined however with a third element namely dialectics and the love of demonstrating.  They are the authors of evil in the same sense as the religious men and artists in addition to which they have wearied many of their fellow—men with their passion for dialectics though their number has always been very small.  Fourthly the thinkers and scientific workers.  They but rarely strove after effects and contented themselves with quietly and unobtrusively.  Thus they brought about little envy and discomfort and often as objects of mockery and derision they served without wishing to do so to make life easier for the men of the vita activa.  Furthermore science has become something of great advantage to all; and if on account of this utility many of the men who were destined for the vita activa are now slowly making their way along the road to science with the sweat of their brow and not without brain—racking and maledictions this is not the fault of the crowd of thinkers and scientific workers: it is "self-inflicted pain.  

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