Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak:  Reflections on Moral Prejudice. Morgenröte: Gedanken über die moralischen Vorurteile (also could be translated as The Dawn).

Written and published in 1881.

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To view our own experiences with the same eyes that we use to look at the experiences of others is very comforting and an advisable medicine.  On the other hand to look upon the experiences of others and adopt them as if they were our own—which is called for by the philosophy of pity—would ruin us in a very short time: let us only make the experiment without trying to speculaate any longer!  The first maxim is undoubtedly more in accordance with reason and the will towards rationality; for we evaluate more objectively the value and significance of an event when it happens to others—the value for instance of a death, loss of money or slander.  Pity takes as its principle of action the command "Suffer the misfortune of another as much as he himself".  This would lead the point of view of the ego with all its exaggerations and excess to become the point of view also of the person feeling pity: so that we would have to suffer at the same time from our own ego and the other's ego.  In this way we would voluntarily overload ourselves with a double irrationality instead of making the burden of our own as light as possible.  
 

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