Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak:  Reflections on Moral Prejudice. Morgenröte: Gedanken über die moralischen Vorurteile (also could be translated as The Dawn).

Written and published in 1881.

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leading to happiness; for individual happiness arises from particular laws that are unknown; such advice from outside sources will only be a hindrance or obstruction.  Those precepts which are called moral are in reality directed against the individual and do not by any means further their happiness.  The relationship of these precepts to the "happiness and well being of mankind "is equally slight for it is quite impossible to assign a definite concept to these words and still less can they be employed as guiding stars on the dark sea of moral aspirations.  It is a prejudice to think that morality is more favourable to the development of reason than immorality.  It is not true to suppose that the unconscious aim in the development of every conscious being (namely animal man humanity etc.)  is its "greatest happiness": rather, there is a particular and incomparable happiness to be attained at every stage of evolution that is neither high nor low but simply its own.  Evolution does not make happiness its goal; it aims simply at evolution and nothing else.  Only if humanity had a universally recognised goal could one propose to do this or that: for the time being there is no such goal.  It follows that the demands of morality should not be imposed on mankind: this would be merely trivial and irrational.  It is quite another thing to recommend a goal to mankind: this goal would then be something that we could adopt at our own discretion.  Provided that mankind in general agreed to adopt such a goal, it could then impose a moral law upon itself, again at our own discretion.  Up to now however the moral law has overruled our own free will: in fact, men did not wish to impose this law upon themselves; they wished to take it from somewhere, to discover it or to let themselves be commanded by it.  
 

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