Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak:  Reflections on Moral Prejudice. Morgenröte: Gedanken über die moralischen Vorurteile (also could be translated as The Dawn).

Written and published in 1881.

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To deny morality may mean firstly to deny the moral motives that men claim have motivated their actions—which is equivalent to saying that morality merely consists of words and forms part of that coarse and subtle deceit (especially self-deceit) which is characteristic of mankind and perhaps more especially of those men who are celebrated for their virtues.  Secondly, it may mean our denying that moral judgments are founded on truths.  It is admitted in such a case that moral judgments are the motives of actions but that it is really errors in the basis of all moral judgments which motivate moral actions.  This is my point of view; but I should be far from denying that in very many cases there is a suspicion that the first point of view—i.  e.  in the spirit of La Rochefoucauld—is also justifiable and in any case is widespread and also very useful.  Therefore I deny morality in the same way as I deny alchemy i.  e.  I deny its premises but I do not deny that there have been alchemists who believed in these premises and based their actions upon them.  I also deny immorality—not that there are innumerable people who feel immoral – but because there would be no true reason for such a feeling.  I should not of course deny—unless I were a fool—that many actions which are called immoral should be avoided and resisted and in the same way that many which are called moral should be performed and encouraged but I hold that in both cases these actions should be performed from motives other than those which have been used up to the present time.  We must think differently so that—perhaps very late in the day—we may achieve something more: to feel differently.  

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