Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak:  Reflections on Moral Prejudice. Morgenröte: Gedanken über die moralischen Vorurteile (also could be translated as The Dawn).

Written and published in 1881.

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What attitude do we assume towards the acts of others?  In the first place we consider how they may benefit ourselves—we see them only in this light.  It is the effect which we regard as the intention of the acts—and in the end we come to look upon these intentions of others as permanent qualities in them and we call him for example "a dangerous man".  Triple error!  Triple and most ancient mistake!  Perhaps this inheritance comes to us from the animals and their faculty of judgment!  Must not the origin of all morality be sought in these detestable narrow minded conclusions: "Whatever injures me is evil (something injurious in itself) whatever benefits me is good (beneficial and profitable in itself) whatever injures me once or several times is hostile per se: whatever benefits me once or several times is friendly per se".  Pudenda origo!  Is not this equivalent to interpreting the mere occasional and often accidental relations of another person to us as his primary and most essential qualities and believing that towards himself and everyone else he is only capable of the that actions we have witnessed a few times!  And is not this thorough folly based upon the most immodest of all mental prejudices: namely that we ourselves must be the standard of what is good since we determine what is good and what evil?  

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